In case you missed it, winners of the 2015 Pulitzer Prize were announced on Monday, April 20. Here are some interesting facts about the famous newspaper publisher, Joseph Pulitzer and the award:
- Joseph Pulitzer was born in Hungary in 1847. He came to the United States as a recruit for the Union Army during the Civil War and later became a U.S. citizen. He died in 1911, at age sixty-four.
- Before he became a newspaper magnate, Pulitzer was aimless and unemployed. He once sold his only possession, a white hankie, for 75¢.
- He once had a job as a mule hostler, but quit that job in frustration, later noting, “The man who has not cared for sixteen mules does not know what work and troubles are.”
- Pulitzer married Katherine Davis in 1878. They had seven children. Five lived to adulthood.
- Pulitzer was elected to the Republican state legislature in Missouri in 1870. But he switched parties in 1880 and served a delegate to the Democratic National Convention. He was an outspoken supporter of the Democratic platform.
- The term “yellow journalism” became a common strategy during the circulation war between Pulitzer’s New York World and Randolph Hearst’s New York Journal. Both publishers used sensationalism, exaggeration, and scandal to sell their newspapers.
- Pulitzer was a driven newspaper publisher, but he had many health issues. He was nearly blind, a condition that worsened over time from long hours on the job. He also suffered from depression and was painfully sensitive to noise. He eventually relinquished control of the day-to-day operations of the World, but still controlled the editorial content and direction of the paper.
- The Columbia School of Journalism was founded in 1912, using money from Pulitzer’s estate.
- The Pulitzer prizes were established in 1917 to recognize outstanding journalism, photography, literature, history, poetry, music and drama. There are twenty-one award categories.
- Twenty of the winners receive $10,000 cash. The winner in the Public Service category of Journalism receives a gold medal. This award goes to a news organization, not an individual.
- Only United States citizens are eligible to apply for the prize in Letters, Drama and Music, except for the History category of Letters, in which the book must be about the United States, but the author may be of any nationality.
- In the Journalism category, entrants do not have to be U.S. citizens, but the work must have appeared in a U.S. newspaper that is published at least once a week, on a newspaper’s website or an online news organization website.
- John F. Kennedy has been the only President to receive the Pulitzer Prize. He was awarded the prize in 1957 for his biography, Profiles in Courage.
- Self-published books are eligible for the prize, but they must be available in print.
Here are the 2015 winners, as posted in the Pulitzer Prize website:
PUBLIC SERVICE – The Post and Courier, Charleston, SC
BREAKING NEWS REPORTING – The Seattle Times Staff
INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING – Two Prizes: – Eric Lipton of The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal Staff
EXPLANATORY REPORTING – Zachary R. Mider of Bloomberg News
LOCAL REPORTING – Rob Kuznia, Rebecca Kimitch and Frank Suraci of the Daily Breeze, Torrance, CA
NATIONAL REPORTING – Carol D. Leonnig of The Washington Post
INTERNATIONAL REPORTING – The New York Times Staff
FEATURE WRITING – Diana Marcum of the Los Angeles Times
COMMENTARY – Lisa Falkenberg of the Houston Chronicle
CRITICISM – Mary McNamara of the Los Angeles Times
EDITORIAL WRITING – Kathleen Kingsbury of The Boston Globe
EDITORIAL CARTOONING – Adam Zyglis of The Buffalo News
BREAKING NEWS PHOTOGRAPHY – St. Louis Post-Dispatch Photography Staff
FEATURE PHOTOGRAPHY – Daniel Berehulak , freelance photographer, The New York Times
Books, Drama and Music
FICTION – “All the Light We Cannot See” by Anthony Doerr (Scribner)
DRAMA – “Between Riverside and Crazy” by Stephen Adly Guirgis
HISTORY – “Encounters at the Heart of the World: A History of the Mandan People ” by Elizabeth A. Fenn (Hill and Wang)
BIOGRAPHY – “The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe” by David I. Kertzer (Random House)
POETRY – “Digest” by Gregory Pardlo (Four Way Books)
GENERAL NONFICTION – “The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History” by Elizabeth Kolbert (Henry Holt)
MUSIC – “Anthracite Fields” by Julia Wolfe (G. Schirmer, Inc.)
Thank you to the following sources:
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